This doesn’t necessarily imply that the Yangshao felt any particular affection toward their cats. They may have simply found cats useful deterrents to the plagues of mice and other rodents threatening their grain storage. The researchers didn’t note any artwork or burial practices indicating reverence for the animals, like that shown by the Egyptians. Nonetheless, it looks like cats were part of the Chinese lifestyle over 5000 years ago.
Hu Y, Hu S, Wang W, Wu X, Marshall FB, Chen X, Hou L, & Wang C (2013). Earliest evidence for commensal processes of cat domestication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America PMID: 24344279.