The researchers recruited patients in the Diabetes Mellitus Incidence (DiMelli) Cohort Registry. Subjects included 630 young Bavarians under the age of twenty who had been diagnosed with any kind of diabetes within the past six months. Blood samples and a detailed history was taken for each participant.
The scientists were interested in whether kids with multiple islet autoantibodies showed a different phenotype than kids with one or no autoantibodies (who might really have early onset type 2 diabetes rather than type 1 diabetes).
In order to be able to introduce the right steps in treatment and to offer patients accurate information about their disease, it is essential to refine the criteria for differentiating and diagnosing the different forms of diabetes. Further studies are now required to shed light on the long-term development of the phenotypes, the distribution of different types of diabetes and the way in which their features present themselves in adult patients.